CAMEROON Refugee Policy Review as of June 30, 2020 for the World Bank Mid-Term Review of the IDA19 Window for Host Communities and Refugees.
Cameroon has a long history of hosting refugees and is among the largest refugee-hosting countries in Africa. In 2020, Cameroon provided protection to 424,724 refugees and asylum seekers from 30 countries, the majority of which are from the Central African Republic (CAR) and Nigeria. The majority of refugees from the Central African Republic fled widespread violence beginning in 2013, with the majority arriving in Cameroon in 2014 and 2015. The majority of Nigerian refugees arriving in Cameroon beginning in 2014 due to the ongoing conflict with Boko Haram in northeastern Nigeria. The impact of the Boko Haram violence since 2014, as well as the crisis in the southwestern and northwestern regions of Cameroon, has also caused the internal displacement of approximately 1,001,279 people. Cameroon is a lower middle income country with low human development indicators. Despite these challenges, Cameroon generally has an open-door policy for refugees fleeing violence in neighboring countries.